How to Install Linux and Tune for Performance

  1. Pick your penguin flavor: In the Linux world, there are many flavors (called distributions or distros) for you to choose from. Ubuntu is the friendly, easy-to-use penguin, while Fedora is the stylish, cutting-edge penguin. Debian, on the other hand, is the wise, stable penguin. Do some research and choose the penguin that warms your heart (and meets your needs).
  2. Download the penguin package: After you’ve chosen your penguin, head over to its official website and download the ISO file. This is like a penguin egg containing the entire Linux operating system, just waiting to hatch on your computer.
  3. Transform a USB stick into a penguin incubator: To bring your penguin to life, you’ll need a bootable USB drive. Use Rufus (for Windows) or UNetbootin (for Windows, macOS, and Linux) to turn your regular USB stick into a magical penguin incubator using the downloaded ISO file.
  4. Save your precious memories: Before you unleash the penguin, make sure to back up all your important data. You don’t want your precious memories to be lost in the great penguin migration.
  5. Set the stage for the penguin parade: Restart your computer and access the BIOS or UEFI settings. Change the boot order so your computer knows to start the penguin parade from the USB drive. Save the settings, and watch the penguin show begin!
  6. Penguin onboarding: Follow the on-screen instructions to install your chosen Linux distro. Customize settings, create user accounts, and partition your hard drive according to your preferences.
  7. Tune your penguin to sing beautifully: Now that your penguin has found a new home on your computer, it’s time to optimize its performance. Update your system, install necessary drivers, and tweak settings to make your penguin sing in harmony with your hardware.
  8. Install some penguin accessories: Browse the Linux software repositories and install the applications you need. Don’t forget to have some fun and customize your penguin’s appearance with themes, icons, and wallpapers.
  9. Embrace the penguin community: If you encounter any issues or have questions, remember that the Linux community is full of friendly and knowledgeable penguins ready to help you out. Jump into forums, read documentation, and watch tutorials to become a penguin whisperer.



  1. Can’t boot into Linux:
    • Check if the bootloader (GRUB) is properly installed and configured.
    • Verify the boot order in your BIOS/UEFI settings to ensure it’s booting from the correct device.
    • If you have multiple operating systems, ensure GRUB is set up to recognize all of them.
  2. No internet connection:
    • Check your network cable or Wi-Fi connection.
    • Make sure your network adapter is recognized and the appropriate drivers are installed.
    • Verify that your network settings (IP address, DNS, gateway, etc.) are correctly configured.
  3. Software package issues:
    • Update your package list with the command sudo apt update (for Debian-based distros) or sudo dnf update (for Fedora-based distros).
    • Make sure you have the required dependencies installed.
    • Check the software repositories for any known issues or bug reports.
  4. Display and graphics issues:
    • Verify that your graphics card is recognized and the correct drivers are installed.
    • Check your monitor settings and resolution.
    • If you’re using a laptop, make sure it’s not using an integrated GPU when a dedicated GPU is available.
  5. Audio problems:
    • Ensure your audio device is recognized and the correct drivers are installed.
    • Check the audio settings (volume, output device, etc.) in your Linux distribution.
    • Make sure the application you’re using has the correct audio output configured.
  6. Peripheral devices not working:
    • Verify that the device is connected and powered on.
    • Check if the appropriate drivers are installed and the device is recognized by your Linux system.
    • Look for any device-specific settings or configurations that may be required.
  7. Performance issues:
    • Monitor system resources (CPU, RAM, disk usage) using tools like top, htop, or free.
    • Close unnecessary applications or processes consuming excessive resources.
    • Check for hardware compatibility issues, driver problems, or software bugs.
  8. File system and disk issues:
    • Use the df command to check disk space usage and ensure you have enough free space.
    • Check for disk errors using tools like fsck or smartctl.
    • Verify file permissions and ownership with the ls -l command.


Centos alternatives

With the shift in focus of CentOS from a stable, enterprise Linux distribution to an upstream development branch called CentOS Stream, many users have been looking for a suitable replacement. CentOS Stream is now focused on providing a preview of what’s coming to RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux), rather than being a free, stable alternative to RHEL.

Here are some popular CentOS replacements that you can consider:

  1. Rocky Linux: is a community-driven, enterprise-grade Linux distribution that aims to be a direct CentOS replacement. It’s designed to be compatible with RHEL, providing a similar experience for users who have relied on CentOS in the past. Rocky Linux is led by Gregory Kurtzer, one of the original CentOS founders.


  1. AlmaLinux: is another community-driven, RHEL-compatible Linux distribution created as a CentOS alternative. Developed and supported by CloudLinux, a company with experience in providing enterprise Linux solutions, AlmaLinux aims to provide a smooth transition for CentOS users.


  1. Oracle Linux: is a free, enterprise-class Linux distribution supported by Oracle. It is fully compatible with RHEL and offers an alternative for CentOS users. Oracle Linux comes with additional features, such as the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK), which provides better performance and reliability.


  1. Debian: is a well-established, community-driven Linux distribution known for its stability and extensive package repositories. While not binary-compatible with RHEL, Debian can be a suitable alternative for users who prioritize stability and a large user base.


  1. Ubuntu Server: is a popular, free Linux distribution backed by Canonical. It offers regular updates, long-term support (LTS) releases, and a vast repository of software packages. Like Debian, Ubuntu Server is not binary-compatible with RHEL but can be an attractive alternative for many users.


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