How to Install PHP on Server System

Here’s how to install PHP on Ubuntu/Debian and CentOS/RHEL systems:


  1. Update the package list: sudo apt update
  2. Install PHP and its dependencies: sudo apt install php libapache2-mod-php
  3. Verify that PHP is installed: php -v


  1. Enable the EPEL repository: sudo yum install epel-release
  2. Install PHP and its dependencies: sudo yum install php php-mysql php-fpm
  3. Verify that PHP is installed: php -v

After installing PHP, you can configure it by editing the php.ini file, which is typically located in the /etc/php/ directory. You can also install additional PHP modules using the package manager, such as php-curl or php-gd, depending on your needs.

Here’s how to install PHP on Windows:

  1. Download the PHP ZIP package for Windows
  2. Extract the ZIP package to a folder of your choice (e.g. C:\PHP).
  3. Rename the php.ini-development file to php.ini.
  4. Configure the php.ini file as needed, such as setting the date.timezone value and enabling extensions.
  5. Add the PHP folder to your system PATH environment variable.
  6. Restart your web server (such as Apache or IIS) to load the PHP module.

That’s it! You should now have PHP installed on your Windows system and be able to use it to run PHP scripts and web applications. You can test that PHP is installed correctly by creating a test.php file with the following contents:

<?php phpinfo(); ?>

Save the file in your web server’s document root directory and access it in your web browser at http://localhost/test.php. You should see the PHP information page with details about your PHP installation.


PHP versions

  1. PHP 4: Released in 2000, PHP 4 was a significant improvement over PHP 3 and introduced many new features such as sessions, output buffering, and improved error handling.
  2. PHP 5: Released in 2004, PHP 5 introduced significant improvements over PHP 4, including support for object-oriented programming, exception handling, and improved performance.
  3. PHP 5.3: Released in 2009, PHP 5.3 introduced new features such as namespaces, late static binding, and closures.
  4. PHP 5.4: Released in 2012, PHP 5.4 introduced features such as traits, short array syntax, and the ability to use $this in closures.
  5. PHP 5.5: Released in 2013, PHP 5.5 introduced features such as generators, finally blocks for exceptions, and the empty() function now works on arbitrary expressions.
  6. PHP 5.6: Released in 2014, PHP 5.6 introduced features such as constant scalar expressions, exponentiation with **, and variadic functions.
  7. PHP 7: Released in 2015, PHP 7 introduced significant performance improvements over PHP 5.x, as well as new features such as scalar type declarations, return type declarations, and the null coalescing operator.
  8. PHP 7.1: Released in 2016, PHP 7.1 introduced features such as nullable types, the void return type, and the iterable pseudo-type.
  9. PHP 7.2: Released in 2017, PHP 7.2 introduced features such as object type hints, the is_countable() function, and support for trailing commas in function calls.
  10. PHP 7.3: Released in 2018, PHP 7.3 introduced features such as flexible heredoc and nowdoc syntax, array destructuring with the list() function, and the json_throw_on_error flag.
  11. PHP 7.4: Released in 2019, PHP 7.4 introduced features such as typed properties, arrow functions, and the ??= null coalescing assignment operator.
  12. PHP 8: Released in 2020, PHP 8 introduced major improvements to the language, including the JIT compiler, union types, named arguments, attributes, and match expressions.




  • What is PHP? PHP is a server-side scripting language that is used to create dynamic web pages and web applications. PHP code is executed on the server and the resulting HTML is sent to the client’s web browser.
  • What are the advantages of using PHP? PHP is an open-source, flexible, and easy-to-learn language that is supported by a large community of developers. It can be used to create a wide range of web applications, from small personal websites to large-scale enterprise applications.
  • What are some popular PHP frameworks? Some popular PHP frameworks include Laravel, Symfony, CodeIgniter, CakePHP, and Yii.
  • What is the difference between GET and POST requests in PHP? In PHP, GET and POST are two methods used to pass data from a web page to a server. GET requests pass data in the URL, while POST requests pass data in the HTTP request body. GET requests are generally used for retrieving data, while POST requests are used for submitting data, such as in a form.
  • How can I connect to a database using PHP? You can connect to a database using PHP by using the mysqli_connect() or PDO functions. These functions allow you to connect to a database, send queries, and retrieve data.
  • What is a session in PHP? A session in PHP is a way to store information across multiple page requests. When a user accesses a PHP page that uses sessions, a unique session ID is generated and stored in a cookie on the user’s computer. The session ID is used to retrieve information stored in the session for that user.
  • How can I handle errors in PHP? In PHP, you can handle errors using the trycatch block for exceptions and the error_reporting() function for errors. You can also use the ini_set() function to set the error reporting level and the display_errors directive to control whether errors are displayed or logged.
  • What is object-oriented programming in PHP? Object-oriented programming (OOP) in PHP is a programming paradigm that uses objects to represent data and methods to manipulate that data. OOP in PHP is based on classes and objects, and allows for inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism.
  • How can I upload files using PHP? You can upload files using PHP by using the $_FILES superglobal and the move_uploaded_file() function. The $_FILES superglobal contains information about the uploaded file, such as its name and location, and the move_uploaded_file() function moves the file to a specified location on the server.
  • What is the difference between include and require in PHP? include and require are two ways to include a PHP file in another PHP file. include will only generate a warning if the file cannot be included, while require will generate a fatal error. require is usually used for files that are critical to the operation of the application, while include is used for files that are optional.
  • What is a cookie in PHP? A cookie in PHP is a small text file that is stored on the user’s computer. Cookies are used to store information such as user preferences or login credentials, and can be accessed and modified by PHP code.
  • How can I encrypt data in PHP? In PHP, you can encrypt data using functions such as openssl_encrypt() or mcrypt_encrypt(). These functions allow you to encrypt data using a specified algorithm and key.
  • What is the difference between == and === in PHP? In PHP, == is the comparison operator for values, while === is the comparison operator for both values and types. == will return true if the values being compared are equal, while === will only return true if the values and types are equal.
  • How can I prevent SQL injection attacks in PHP? You can prevent SQL injection attacks in PHP by using prepared statements and parameterized queries. Prepared statements allow you to separate the SQL code from the user input, preventing malicious input from being executed as code.
  • What is the difference between a constant and a variable in PHP? In PHP, a constant is a value that cannot be changed during the execution of the script, while a variable is a value that can be changed. Constants are defined using the define() function, while variables are defined using the $ symbol.
  • What is a closure in PHP? A closure in PHP is a function that can access variables outside of its own scope. Closures are defined using the function() use () {} syntax, where use is used to specify which variables the closure should be able to access.
  • What is the difference between an abstract class and an interface in PHP? In PHP, an abstract class is a class that cannot be instantiated, but can be used as a base class for other classes. An interface, on the other hand, is a collection of abstract methods that a class can implement. An abstract class can have both implemented and abstract methods, while an interface can only have abstract methods.
  • What is a namespace in PHP? A namespace in PHP is a way to organize code into logical groups. Namespaces prevent naming conflicts between different parts of an application and allow for better code organization and maintainability.
  • What is a trait in PHP? A trait in PHP is a way to reuse code across multiple classes without using inheritance. Traits are similar to classes in that they can contain properties and methods, but they cannot be instantiated.
  • How can I send email using PHP? In PHP, you can send email using the mail() function. The mail() function takes several parameters, including the recipient’s email address, the subject, and the message body.
  • What is a composer in PHP? Composer is a dependency management tool for PHP that allows you to manage packages and libraries for your PHP projects. Composer uses a composer.json file to define dependencies and automatically installs and updates them as needed.
  • What is a callback function in PHP? A callback function in PHP is a function that is passed as an argument to another function and is called by that function. Callback functions are commonly used for event handling and asynchronous programming.
  • What is the difference between public, private, and protected in PHP? In PHP, public, private, and protected are access modifiers used to control the visibility of class properties and methods. public properties and methods can be accessed from anywhere, private properties and methods can only be accessed from within the class itself, and protected properties and methods can be accessed from within the class itself and its subclasses.
  • How can I create a session in PHP? In PHP, you can create a session by calling the session_start() function at the beginning of your PHP script. This function will start a new session or resume an existing one, and create a unique session ID for the user.
  • What is a generator in PHP? A generator in PHP is a special type of function that allows you to iterate over a set of values without having to create an array or other data structure. Generators are used to generate values on-the-fly, which can be more memory-efficient than generating a large array up-front.
  • How can I read and write to a file in PHP? In PHP, you can read and write to a file using the fopen(), fread(), fwrite(), and fclose() functions. The fopen() function opens a file and returns a file handle, which can be used with the fread() and fwrite() functions to read and write data to the file. The fclose() function closes the file handle when you are finished with it.
  • What is the difference between an error and an exception in PHP? In PHP, errors and exceptions are both ways to handle unexpected situations in your code, but they are handled differently. Errors are generated by the PHP interpreter when it encounters a problem with your code, such as a syntax error or a function call with the wrong number of arguments. Exceptions, on the other hand, are generated by your code when it encounters an unexpected situation, such as a missing file or a database connection failure.
  • How can I debug my PHP code? In PHP, you can debug your code using tools such as var_dump(), print_r(), and error_log(). You can also use an integrated development environment (IDE) with built-in debugging features, or a standalone debugger such as Xdebug. Debugging can help you identify and fix problems in your code, making it easier to develop and maintain your PHP applications.




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In the world of web development, where code comes alive, There’s a language called PHP, on which many websites thrive. Let’s dive into its syntax, its functions, and its might, And celebrate PHP with a poetic insight.

PHP, a server-side language, dynamic and free, Empowers developers with its versatility. With tags and semicolons, we begin the dance, Crafting websites and applications, a delightful chance.

Variables, oh variables, the building blocks of code, Storing data, manipulating, as the script unfolds. Strings, numbers, arrays, and more, PHP’s variables, a powerful store.

Loops and conditionals, control flow at hand, For and while loops, in a code symphony they expand. If statements, switch cases, making decisions smart, Directing the script’s path, playing their part.

Functions, oh functions, reusable and neat, Encapsulating logic, making code complete. Custom or built-in, they save us time and stress, Creating modular code, with elegance and finesse.

Database interactions, PHP’s strength shines bright, Connecting to MySQL, PostgreSQL, or SQLite. Querying, inserting, updating, and retrieving, PHP and databases, a powerful duo achieving.

Frameworks and libraries, expanding PHP’s reach, Laravel, Symfony, and CodeIgniter, to each their niche. WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla, CMS delights, Building websites with ease, scaling new heights.

But let’s not forget the PHP community’s zest, Sharing knowledge, helping others, they are the best. Stack Overflow, forums, and tutorials so grand, Supporting developers in this digital land.

So here’s to PHP, a language that inspires, Creating web experiences that ignite fires. With its syntax and functions, a developer’s muse, PHP, a coding language we happily choose.

In the realm of web development, where ideas take flight, PHP guides us through, with its coding might. So let’s write PHP code, elegant and refined, And build remarkable websites, leaving users entwined.

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